Berlin Geothermal Power Plant, El Salvador
Berlin Geothermal Power Plant is located 100km east of El Salvador’s capital city, San Salvador. It exploits heat from the Berlin Geothermal Field to generate electricity. High-pressure steam from the field drives a 44 MW condensation power unit, supplying electricity to the national interconnected power grid.
The Berlin Geothermal Field is one of two geothermal fields in El Salvador. The fields exist due to the country’s location on the Central American volcanic belt. The strong seismic activity produced by the tectonic activity generates magma that heats nearby rocks and underground aquifers. The steam from the hot water reservoirs is harnessed to generate electricity.
Benefits: Climate & Environment
Berlin Geothermal Power Plant’s annual emission reductions are estimated to be 150,000 tonnes CO2e per year. Benefits include:
- Efficiently exploiting El Salvador’s indigenous resources to meet the country’s rising demand for energy – since 2020, 100% of El Salvador’s population has had access to electricity
- Enhancing El Salvador’s energy security through fuel diversification
- Reducing El Salvador’s reliance on imported fossil fuels
- Supporting a conservation and reforestation program in areas surrounding the plant.
Benefits: Social & Economic
Berlin Geothermal Power Plant has been supporting local communities since its inception in 2007. Benefits include:
- Generating local employment opportunities
- Investing in social activities and the development of sustainable small businesses
- Improving communication and commercial activities with the road infrastructure developed around the project.
The corresponding carbon credits were verified under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) by the approved third-party auditor, ICONTEC.